Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in males, but it is treatable in its early stages. Prostate cancer develops when some cells in the prostate become abnormal. The abnormal cells continue to live even when the other cells die. The growing abnormal cells will then form a tumour that may grow and invade nearby tissues.
Prostate cancer begins in the small walnut-shaped gland called a prostate gland, which is situated between the penis and the bladder, in the pelvis of a man. Tumours in the prostate may be both benign meaning they are not cancerous and life-threatening, or they can be malignant meaning they can be cancerous and life-threatening.
Why is prostate cancer problematic?
Prostate cancer is problematic as the cancer cells may spread and travel through blood vessels or lymph nodes and reach other organs of the body. They may attach to other tissues and grow to form new tumours which may the cause damage where the land.
What symptoms can be expected from prostate cancer?
During the early stages of prostate cancer, there often no symptoms. When symptoms start occurring, they may be like those of an enlarged prostate also called benign prostatic hyperplasia even though prostate cancer may also cause unrelated BPH symptoms. Prostate cancer symptoms may include:
- Dull pain in the lower pelvic region
- Frequent urination
- Painful ejaculation
- Loss of appetite
- Loss of weight
- Bone pain
- Blood in the urine
How is prostate cancer treated?
There are a number of treatments available to treat prostate cancer. Treatment plans are done and recommended depending on the cancer stage as prostate cancer grows slowly. Treatment includes:
- Prostatectomy, this a procedure where the prostate gland is removed using either laparoscopic or open surgery
- Radiation therapy, this is a procedure where beams of intense energy are used to kill cancer
- Chemotherapy is a drug treatment where powerful chemicals are used to kill fast-growing cells in the body.