Infertility happens when a couple tries to conceive, but they fail, even after having regular unprotected sex. This may occur to one partner not contributing to conception, or due to the woman's inability to carry a pregnancy to full term. It's often defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of regular sexual intercourse with your partner, without the use of any birth control.

Why is infertility problematic?

If the sperm cells don’t have the correct shape or they can’t travel rapidly and accurately towards the egg, then conception may be difficult.  There could be issues and those issues in couples may be present from birth, and sometimes they may develop later on in life. Infertility in men may be a sign of testicular infection, cancer, undescended testicles, ejaculation disorder, hormonal imbalance and genetic factors which may be inherited.

What are the symptoms of male infertility?

The most common sign of male infertility is the inability to conceive, but in other cases, there could be an underlying problem that may cause male infertility such as an inherited disorder, dilated veins around the testicle, hormonal imbalance and the sperm passage is blocked.  Men never notice the symptoms, but there may be signs and symptoms such as:

  • Difficulty with ejaculation or there could be small volumes of fluid ejaculated,
  • Reduced sexual desire,
  • Difficulty maintaining an erection,
  • Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area,
  • Respiratory infections that are recurrent,
  • Abnormal breast growth,
  • A low sperm count.

How is male infertility treated?

Male infertility treatment depends on what is the cause of infertility. The surgical treatment includes:

  • Varicocele treatments, such as varicocelectomy. This is a surgical procedure where they fix the swollen veins to help with the movement of the sperm, sperm count and structure.
  • Azoospermia treatments where the reconnect or restructure the tubes or ducts that are prohibiting sperms from flowing, due to a blockage.


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