Overactive bladder (OAB) is the name of a group of urinary symptoms as it is not a disease. The most common overactive bladder symptom is a sudden and uncontrolled need or urge to go urinate, which make result in you to leak urine when you feel the need or urge to urinate. Another symptom is frequent urination during the day and or night. OAB is mainly the feeling that you have to go to the bathroom urgently or frequently.
Why is overactive bladder problematic?
Overactive bladder may get in the way of your work, social life, school life, exercise and sleep as you will always have the need or urge to urinate. Left untreated, overactive bladder symptoms may make it difficult to get through the day without making many trips to the bathroom.
What symptoms can be expected from an overactive bladder issue?
Overactive bladder symptoms include the need or urge to urinate that's difficult to control, the involuntary leak of urine immediately followed by the urgent need to urinate, frequent urinating and awakening two or more times in the night to urinate.
How is overactive bladder treated?
There are a number of treatments to manage overactive bladder, including:
- Bladder reconstruction or urinary diversion surgery, this type of surgery is used in very rare and serious cases. There are two types of bladder surgeries, namely augmentation cystoplasty, where the bladder is enlarged and urinary diversion surgery, where the urine is rerouted.
- Nerve stimulation also called neuromodulation therapy; it is a treatment for people who need extra help. This treatment involves sending electrical pulses to the nerves which share the same path for the bladder. When one has an overactive bladder, it results from the nerve signals that lie between the bladder and brain do not communicate as they should. Therefore, the electrical pulses help the brain and the nerves to the bladder communicate so that the bladder can be able to function properly.