Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition where the prostate gland is growing larger. The enlarged prostate can block or slow the urine passage from the urethra, making your urine passage to be weak.

The prostate is a small yet muscular gland in the male's reproductive system. It surrounds the urethra and is responsible for the production of most of the fluid in the semen. The muscular action of the prostate aids the fluid and semen to be pushed through the penis during sexual climax.

Why is benign prostatic hyperplasia problematic?

BPH is a benign condition meaning it is not cancerous but left untreated may lead to bladder infections and other complications such as inability to urinate, empty the bladder in full, urinary incontinence, kidney damage and bladder stones.

What symptoms can be expected from benign prostatic hyperplasia?

Symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia are often mild and then become more serious if they aren’t treated. The most common symptoms include:

  • Incomplete emptying of the bladder
  • Leakage of urine
  • Weak urinary system
  • Sudden urge to urinate
  • Slowed or delayed urinary stream
  • Painful urination
  • blood in the urine 

How is benign prostatic hyperplasia treated?

There are a number of treatments that are used to remove the prostate tissue blocking the flow of urine. The surgical procedures include:

  • Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), this is a common procedure where the tissues that are blocking the urethra.
  • Transurethral electrovaporisation is a procedure where electrical energy is applied through an electrode to rapidly heat or burning the prostate tissue and turn the tissue cells into steam. This aids the urologist to vaporise the area of the enlarged tissue, therefore, relieving urinary
  • The greenlight laser, this is a procedure that is most commonly used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia and is associated with less bleeding after the procedure.


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